The Truth About Why People Are Dying On Mt Everest

Not only because of the traffic jam People Are Dying On Mt Everest. there are many causes like falling, ice falling, rope accident, etc. the BBC said the main causes of People Are Dying On Mt Everest is traffic jam but the Nepali government disagrees with this. The government said the main causes of People Are Dying On Mt Everest is taking an inexperienced guide to save little money and climbing the mountain without knowing about the way to climb and weather.

Causes of People Are Dying On Mt Everest

  1. falling ice
  2. rope accidents
  3. pneumonia
  4. drowning
  5. Traffic jams
Conquering Mount Everest was once the holy grail of mountaineering.
And it basically still is, though more people are making the attempt than ever.
Not everyone who tries the climb makes it home, but why?
Here’s why Mount Everest is claiming so many lives.
It isn’t just falling
Mount Everest is more than 29,000 feet tall, which might make you think most victims of
the mountain dies by falling.
But that’s only the second most common cause of death.
According to the BBC, most people who die on Everest are killed in avalanches.
The third most common cause of death on the mountain is exposure or frostbite, which accounts
for around 11% of fatalities.
Other causes of death include falling ice, rope accidents, pneumonia, or even drowning.
Surprisingly, more people die on the way down from the summit than on the way up, and route
preparation is dangerous, too.
A total of 120 people have died while working on the routes, with a handful more dying at
base camp, en route to base camp, or during an evacuation.
So really, you’re not safe anywhere on Mount Everest.
Traffic jams
Mount Everest is one of the most remote places on Earth.
It takes 10 days just to get to base camp in Nepal, six weeks to acclimatize, and another
nine days to climb to the top, and that’s assuming conditions are ideal.
It’s also expensive, the low-end figure for an Everest expedition is about $30,000, with
an average cost of around $65,000.
And yet one of the things that have been killing people on Mount Everest is something most
of us wouldn’t expect traffic.
In a strange and unexpected development, modern Everest has become something of a tourist
trap.
On the perfect climbing day, you might encounter hundreds of other climbers, all trying to
reach the exact same spot.
So now, much like your favorite theme park, you have to wait in line.
The difference is if you stand too long in line at a theme park the only pain and suffering
you’ll experience is the endless whining of your children.
If you wait too long in line at Mount Everest, you might run out of oxygen and die.
So bring lots of oxygen canisters!
Or, you know, just stay away from this mountain, and go line up for Space Mountain instead.
Is no experience necessary?
You can climb Everest from two different base camps: One in Nepal, and the other in Tibet.
The governments behind both camps used to be pretty selective about who got to go up
the mountain.
Up until 1985, Nepal tended to allow only one expedition on each route at a time.
But Nepal is not a wealthy nation, and a single climbing permit costs $11,000.
That represents a significant income for Nepal: in total, the climbing industry is worth about
$300 million a year.
The Nepalese government issued a record number of 381 permits in 2019 and announced no intention
of scaling back, despite seeing the highest death toll since 2015.
“Ang Dorje Sherpa, who’s climbed Everest 20 times, says he’s never seen a traffic jam in the mountain.
“Do you think things need to change?”
“Yes.”
There are also no official physical requirements for climbing permits and some of the adventure
outfits operating in Nepal are less-than-strict about who they’ll take to the summit.
That means more inexperienced climbers on the mountain, which means more danger for
everyone.
A tiny window of opportunity
You might imagine the best time to visit Everest would be high summer when you don’t have
to worry about blizzards and freezing temperatures.
But you can only really climb Everest during the month of May, in a very short window of
the time between the winter storm season and the summer monsoon season.
But hey, that’s at least balmy spring, right?
Nope.
At base camp, daytime temperatures max out at around 59 degrees Fahrenheit, and at night
they drop to freezing.
That temperature drops roughly 2.7 degrees for every 490 feet of elevation and the summit
is 11,429 feet above base camp.
On the flip side, some parts of Everest can be hot in May, up to 90 degrees, especially
broad, snowy expanses that reflect the sun.
So even in ideal conditions, the weather is going to be bad.
And just because you book your ascent during that narrow window doesn’t necessarily mean
you’re going to be safe.
In recent years there has been a rash of so-called “blue sky” deaths because everyone wants
to climb Everest when the sky is blue, and in the 2019 season the weather window was
especially narrow.
On May 22, 2019, climbers set a record for most humans to reach the summit in a single
a day with a total of more than 200.
It’s called that for a reason
No matter how fit you are, once you reach a certain elevation, your body starts to literally
die, and you still have more than 4,000 feet to go.
At that point, you’re racing against your own mortality.
That last 4,000 foot is called the death zone because there’s not enough air therefor
the human body to continue functioning.
Outside magazine editor Grayson Schaffer described the death zone to NPR, saying,
“Once you get to about 25,000 feet, your body just can’t metabolize the oxygen.
Your muscles start to break down.
You start to have fluid that builds up around your lungs and your brain.
Your brain starts to swell.
You start to lose cognition.”
“When you are at that altitude, every breath you take, it only contains about a third of
the oxygen than it would if you were at, say, sea level.”
In the death zone, climbers can suffer from a heart attack, stroke, and altitude sickness.
Fluid can accumulate in the lungs, leading to altitude pulmonary edema, which causes
a cough that’s sometimes so severe it can crack a rib.
The low oxygen can also lead to transient blindness or hemorrhage in the blood vessels
of the eyes.
And the whole experience is so physically taxing that one study found Everest climbers
typically lose between 10 and 20 pounds.
Mind playing tricks
As a climber’s body fails, so does the brain.
Climbers in the death zone can experience high-altitude cerebral edema, which can cause
vomiting and impaired judgment.
Some climbers might actually forget they’re on Everest, and behave irrationally at the
worst possible time.
Some climbers may even experience a kind of psychosis, and there are plenty of reports
of people hallucinating.
The conditions make it very difficult to make life or death decisions, for yourself, or
anyone else.
Once you’re in the death zone there’s very little you can do to help a fellow climber
in distress, meaning that trying to help someone may just result in both of you dying.
Is that theme park starting to sound good yet?
Summit fever
Impaired judgment and high altitudes are not a great combination.
But when you add ego and heavy financial investment, you’ve got all the ingredients
for death and despair.
There is a phenomenon called “summit fever” that exerts fierce control over many Everest
climbers.
It’s partially caused by impaired judgment, but it also has to do with fear of failure,
and an unwillingness to spend tens of thousands of dollars to not make it to the top.
“You’re so close, and you want to summit.
And you’re pulled mentally with this strain of ‘I want to go up, but I should go down.'”
People who have spent years preparing for Everest may not be ready to face defeat even
when it’s obvious they’re not going to make it.
So instead of turning around and being humble, people push themselves through deadly conditions,
and often, they get deadly results.

Nepali government’s view

Not only because of the traffic jam People Are Dying On Mt Everest. there are many causes like falling, ice falling, rope accident, etc. the BBC said the main causes of People Are Dying On Mt Everest is traffic jam but the Nepali government disagrees with this. The government said the main causes of People Are Dying On Mt Everest is taking an inexperienced guide to save little money and climbing the mountain without knowing about the way to climb and weather.